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  1. Importance of Industrial Water Treatment Systems

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    Water treatment systems are essential to many types of industrial processes. Quality water treatment solutions are needed to treat wastewater and industrial process by-products to make them fit for disposal or reuse, among other applications. This blog will discuss the different water treatment processes and their importance across various industries.

    The Goal of Industrial Water Treatment & Systems

    The primary objective of industrial water treatment is to treat water in a way that makes it appropriate to use, consume, or dispose of. There are four main industrial water treatment systems:

    • Boiler feed water treatment
    • Cooling tower water treatment
    • Raw water treatment
    • Wastewater treatment

    In industrial applications, raw water is pretreated to improve its production efficiency and process performance. This ultimately prevents the scaling and corrosion of the downstream equipment it comes into contact with. Removing mineral salts and corrosive gases preserves boiler systems, cooling towers, and piping from corrosion and scaling, which could lead to system failures.

    In wastewater-related applications, removing suspended solids (TSS), fats-oils-grease (FOG), bacteria, selenium, heavy metals, and other regulated chemicals and substances allows wastewater to be reused or safely discharged into the environment.

    Industrial Water Treatment Processes

    Industrial water is treated using processes that achieve different results. Typically, multiple processes are used to meet the required water quality for food and beverage incorporation, steam generation, or other industrial applications. Water treatment processes include:

    • Water softening. Mineral content, such as calcium or magnesium ions, is removed through an ion exchange process.
    • Deionization. This water purification process uses ion exchange resins to remove contaminants such as iron, copper, calcium, cations, and anions.
    • Filtration. Water passes through a series of filters featuring various pore sizes (charcoal, gravel, sand) to remove parasites, dust, germs, and other particles.
    • Membrane filtration (reverse osmosis). This process uses a semipermeable membrane to remove ions, molecules, and large particles from the water.
    • Deaeration. In this process, oxygen or carbon dioxide is removed from the water using steam.
    • Degasification/Decarbonation. Dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide or hydrogen sulfide are removed using this process. However, unlike deaeration, process steam is not used. Instead, cross-current air flows are used.
    • Ion exchange. Otherwise known as water softening or demineralization, this chemical process removes dissolved ionic contaminants from water.
    • Dealkalization. This process removes alkaline ions to reduce water’s pH level. Using exchange resins, the unwanted alkaline ions are removed by exchanging chloride ion with anions.

    In addition to these methods, there are also several disinfecting water treatments:

    • Chemical treatment. Chemicals such as chlorine, chloramines, or chlorine dioxide are added to water to kill existing bacteria and prevent the formation of new bacteria.
    • Ozonation. This process inactivates and kills viruses, cysts, and bacteria.
    • UV disinfection. UV light has a strong ability to break chemical bonds and kill microbes, making it an effective disinfectant.

    Importance of Industrial Water Treatment to Various Industries

    Water treatment processes are essential to many industries including:

    • Boiler feed systems and steam generation. In this industry, water treatment is used to dissolve and remove mineral salts, such as hydrogen sulfide gas and carbon dioxide gas. Decarbonation is performed to remove carbon dioxide and prevent carbonic acid formation.
    • Boiler feed systems and cooling towers. These applications use ion exchange water treatment to generate steam in a cost-effective and reliable manner.
    • Food and beverage processing. Ion exchange is a vital aspect of many types of food production. For example, wine and fruit juice production require a decolorization process. The beverages are also demineralized using special ion exchange resins. Sugar production requires water softening processes, decolorization, and inversion.
    • Wastewater treatment. Ozonation is used in wastewater treatment applications to remove organic chemicals, color, and odor-causing contaminants. It quickly converts to oxygen and leaves behind no toxic residue. Contaminants can be oxidized to carbon dioxide and water.

    Reynolds Culligan Industrial Water Treatment Solutions

    Reynolds Culligan is the only single-source, comprehensive water treatment provider in the Mid-Atlantic. Our technology is vital to virtually all industries and applications. The quality of service we provide saves valuable time and business resources for our customers. Using our 70 years of combined industry experience, we provide exceptional products at highly competitive prices. All of our products come with professional after-sale services and follow-up.

    Our industrial water treatment solutions include:

    • Bottle-free water coolers
    • Dealkalization
    • Deionized water
    • Demineralization
    • Filtration systems
    • Reverse osmosis
    • Portable and skid-mounted treatments
    • Ultra-pure water
    • Ultraviolet water treatment
    • Water softening

    You can learn more about our industrial treatment solutions by downloading our free eBook, “The ROI of Industrial Water Treatment.

    For more information about our customized water treatment solutions, contact us today or fill out this form to get a free estimate.

  2. The Importance of Water Purity in Commercial and Industrial Applications

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    Many types of industrial processes require clean water to assist with cooling, cleaning, sanitizing, and a range of other tasks. To ensure water is consistently clean and ideal for these applications, it must maintain a certain level of purity.

    At Reynolds Culligan, we provide water treatment services to help maintain water purity for a wide variety of industrial and commercial applications. We use our comprehensive water treatment technology platform to provide services for nearly any industry and application, with more than 70 years of experience backing us.

    Industries That Use Pure Water

    Multiple industries rely on pure water to facilitate certain processes. These industries include:

    Manufacturing

    Manufacturing plants often use large amounts of water to dilute, cool, clean, fabricate, dissolve, and sanitize, all of which are processes that require pure water. 

    Normally, water contains a mix of minerals and microbial life, which could pose a risk for equipment along with plant workers and end-users. Through the use of clean water in manufacturing, businesses can benefit from increased growth and a healthier environment.

    Energy & Power

    Energy and power plants require clear, clean water to facilitate hydroelectric power generation. Under-treated or untreated water could cause damage and erosion to steam generation equipment in these environments. 

    Many types of energy and power equipment, including turbines, cooling towers, and boilers, rely on clean water to ensure efficient, reliable system operation.

    Food & Beverage

    food and beverage industry
    Businesses in the food and beverage industry need advanced water treatment and purification methods to adhere to Current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) norms. The Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points (HACCP) and European Environment Committee (EEC) require these companies to meet cGMP norms in accordance with health guidelines.

    The food and beverage industry requires ultra pure water to produce uncontaminated foods and beverages, clean and sterilize equipment, and reduce downtime.

    Healthcare & Pharmaceuticals

    All hospitals, healthcare centers, and pharmaceutical facilities require high-quality, pure water. In addition to needing access to municipal systems with ample water supplies, the facilities themselves require sufficient on-site resources to treat and purify water. Visit our blog for more information about how purified water is used in the healthcare industry.

    Educational Facilities

    Schools of all types need clean water for everything from drinking fountains to kitchen sinks. Water treatment systems help remove or reduce any chemicals and compounds present in water supplies to ensure they comply with operation-appropriate standards. These systems improve water quality, enhance the performance of equipment, protect equipment from potential damage, and increase the ROI of educational facilities.

    Hospitality & Lodging

    Hotel rooms use an average of around 200 gallons of water per day. With such large quantities of water used in these facilities, hotels and other businesses in the hospitality industry need to make sure water is safe for consumption and use in pipes, showerheads, and appliances that could otherwise experience wear from pollutants and hard water. 

    Municipal Water Treatment

    Many homes and industries across the country need municipal water, which travels through a network of underground pipes. Although municipal water isn’t as healthy or clean to consume as filtered and purified water, it still undergoes treatment and processing to ensure it complies with drinking water standards in place under the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The water quality of municipal water ultimately needs to be suitable for drinking, bathing, and cooking.

    Wastewater Treatment

    Industrial wastewater treatment processes help produce clean, reusable water while reducing the production of waste. 

    Some of the key benefits of wastewater treatment include:

    • Reduced amount of waste produced and released into the environment
    • Prevention of water loss resulting from water pollution
    • Removal of potentially harmful chemicals

    Car Washes

    pure water for carwashes
    Car wash facilities need pure water during the wash process, but they also rely on clean water to help maintain wash equipment and get the best results from cleaning chemicals. As a result, water quality can significantly affect the customer experience.

    Some common concerns regarding water contaminants and overall quality include:

    • pH levels
    • Silica levels
    • Total dissolved solids (TDS)
    • Water hardness resulting from concentrations of calcium, magnesium, iron, or manganese

    Powder Coating

    This finishing process entails the application of dry thermoplastic or thermoset powder to material surfaces, followed by heating, melting, and drying the powder to provide a long-lasting protective and aesthetic coating.

    Many applications use powder coating to finish industrial equipment and tools. Using water treatment systems, powder coating processes benefit from high-quality rinse water devoid of dissolved and undissolved solids from previous coating steps. 

    Water Treatment Services from Reynolds Culligan

    A wide variety of commercial and industrial applications require consistently pure water for all types of processes. If you need reliable water treatment services, the professionals at Reynolds Culligan offer superior services using the latest technology. 

    To get started on water treatment with Reynolds Culligan, get a free estimate today. For any additional questions or concerns, contact us and we’ll connect you with a representative.

  3. Water Purification for Healthcare Applications

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    Water purification is achieved when water treatment systems remove unwanted organic and inorganic materials, chemical compounds, and biological contaminants from water. In healthcare, pure water that meets industry regulatory standards is invaluable for safe medical tools, processes, and facilities. Learn more about why water treatment is necessary and how your healthcare setting will benefit from installing a treatment system.

    Why Is Water Purification Important to the Healthcare Industry?

    Water purification systems provide pure and potable water by removing contaminants like bacteria, thus preventing harmful substances from entering the body of patients. Installing treatment and distribution systems at hospitals and other medical facilities provides access to reliably safe water, and the ability to monitor that water on-site. To that end, water purification offers numerous advantages for this sector.

    Benefits

    Pure water aids in the disinfection and sterilization of equipment and tools that doctors and other healthcare professionals use on patients, which, in turn, improves overall patient care. The last thing a hospital or medical center wants to worry about is causing infection or illness in those who have come there for treatment.

    That water is potable, tasteless, and odorless is vital, given the number of patients, visitors, and medical professionals who rely on clean drinking water. Kitchens and cafeterias also need safe water for food preparation. On-site water treatment systems can deliver the required amount of water that a facility needs with uninterrupted, on-demand service. Having pure water can also decrease a facility’s overall energy usage, and that leads to cost savings as well.

    purified water for patient in hospital

    Applications

    In addition to general sterilization, water for drinking, and food and beverage services, some other water purification applications include:

    •     Boilers in utility rooms, as well as utility water treatment
    •     Washers for laundry decontamination
    •     Sample and specimen analysis
    •     Facility heating and cooling
    •     Laboratory and research water purification
    •     Medical diagnosis
    •     Hemodialysis

    Healthcare Water Treatment Solutions at Reynolds Culligan

    At Reynolds Culligan, our highly experienced team is ready to help your healthcare facility by designing and installing a comprehensive, high-performance water treatment system on-site. Our safe and cost-effective systems are capable of providing three tiers of purification: purified water, highly purified water, and water for injection. We will ensure that your facility meets all water and environmental safety regulations for the healthcare industry with a system customized to your specific needs. To do this, systems from Reynolds Culligan prevent scale and deliver uniform purification results. 

    We serve the healthcare industry by offering facility monitoring, hospital HVAC water treatments, ice machine filtration, and water management programs. Reynolds Culligan achieves this utilizing one or more of the following processes:

    • Deionization. To minimize corrosion and scaling within a system’s piping, ion exchange resins within a water tank can eliminate dissolved mineral salts. They bond with the salt particles in the water and isolate them from the water molecules.
    • Water softening. The goal of water softening is to address hard water, or water containing minerals, and treat it so that it won’t cause mineral buildup in pipes. Systems achieve this utilizing an ion exchange treatment that removes calcium, magnesium, and other minerals from the water.
    • Reverse osmosis. This process makes use of a membrane within a system that is built to be semipermeable so that feedwater can flow through it under pressure. The membrane’s purpose is to catch dissolved particles that would otherwise contaminate the water. Ultimately, the water that does pass through the membrane has higher levels of purity.
    • Dealkalization. To lower the risk of corrosion and scaling while extending a system’s operating life span, dealkalization lowers the pH level of water within that system. With the help of ion dealkalizers and brine or salt resin, this treatment can rid water flow of sulfates, nitrates, carbonates, and bicarbonates.
    • Filtration. Often taking place after sedimentation, water will flow through various filters for higher levels of purification, with the filters keeping pathogenic material from moving on in the system. There are many options in filter sizes and material compositions, with charcoal and sand as two examples.
    • Ultraviolet disinfection. UV disinfection, or UV radiation, utilizes ultraviolet light for water treatment. Specific UV wavelengths are effective at ridding water of microbial particles within a system, disturbing the DNA structure to eliminate the contaminants.

    Partner With Reynolds Culligan

    At Reynolds Culligan, our water treatment specialists can develop a custom, comprehensive water treatment process that enables your facility to treat water on-site to the extent that meets your intended purpose. We pride ourselves on being the only company acting as a single source for complete-technology water treatment solutions in the Mid-Atlantic region. Contact us today to learn more about installing a cutting-edge water treatment system at your healthcare facility or to get a free estimate.

  4. How Does a Commercial Reverse Osmosis System Work?

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    Reverse osmosis is a technology that treats water to remove salt, chlorine, sediment, and other impurities. During the reverse osmosis process, pressure is used to pass source water through a thin membrane. The semipermeable membrane allows the water through while catching the solids and bigger molecules like ionized dissolved salts and other contaminants. A wide range of industries and applications rely on commercial reverse osmosis systems to deliver highly purified water when required.

    Commercial RO Process

    Commercial RO Process

    The commercial reverse osmosis (RO) process works by reversing the principle of osmosis, which is the natural tendency of water with dissolved salts to pass through a membrane from lower salt concentration to higher salt concentration. 

    In an RO system, pressure is utilized to overcome natural osmotic pressure, forcing the source water with its dissolved salts and other contaminants through a semipermeable membrane. This membrane removes a high percentage of the impurities, resulting in highly purified water. The impurities and rejected salts concentrate collect above the membrane and are passed from the system for draining or further processing.

    While RO systems are most common in industrial processes, they function the same way and offer the same benefits when used commercially. Each commercial osmosis system is customized based on the desired quality of water and the type of raw water issues you have. Common industries that rely on commercial RO systems include beverage, food, dairy, pharmaceutical, and more.

    Benefits of Reverse Osmosis

    Many commercial operations rely on reverse osmosis due to its many advantages. As a water treatment process, reverse osmosis offers the following key benefits:
    Benefits Of Reverse Osmosis

    • Total dissolved solids reduction. The commercial reverse osmosis process is one of the only water treatment processes that offers total dissolved solids reduction. Although other water treatment methods boast this capability, they aren’t as efficient as reverse osmosis. 
    • Cost-effectiveness. Reverse osmosis is popular for various commercial operations due to its highly economical price point compared to other filtration methods. This enables companies to treat large amounts of water while staying comfortably within their budget.
    • Eco-friendliness. Reverse osmosis is relatively environmentally friendly compared to other water treatment methods. Reverse osmosis systems require less energy than thermal distillation methods since they don’t require energy generation. By reducing energy usage, a company can lower its carbon footprint, aid against global warming, and protect the environment.
    • Alkalinity and hardness removal. Reverse osmosis can effectively remove contaminants such as magnesium and calcium ions that create hard water. It can also prevent unwanted alkalinity by removing carbonate ions.

    Commercial RO Systems from Reynolds Culligan

    Commercial RO systems are vital to a range of commercial operations, providing highly pure water for applications such as food and beverage processing, pharmaceutical production, car washes and more. At Reynolds Culligan, we are proud to be the only commercial and industrial water treatment services company in the Mid-Atlantic that provides comprehensive, single-source water treatment technology solutions for any industry or application. This allows us to save your business valuable time and resources while providing top-quality water treatment systems that meet your needs.

    To learn more about commercial RO systems, or to get started on your custom water treatment solution, contact us or request a free estimate today.

  5. Ultraviolet Disinfection in Municipal Water & Wastewater

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    Ultraviolet Water Treatment

    The citizens in your community count on you to ensure that the water they drink is safe and the wastewater produced is treated effectively without issues that can cause environmental damage. Ensuring that your water and wastewater are free of contaminants and infectious agents is a must. Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection treatment has a wealth of benefits for municipal water and wastewater systems.

    UV Disinfection Services for Municipal and Wastewater

    UV Disinfection Services for Municipal Water & Wastewater

    Traditionally, the answer was to increase chlorine levels to increase disinfection power. However, allowable chlorine levels have been lowered as well due to concerns about discharging potentially dangerous chlorinated organic compounds. 

    These competing pressures can make it hard to reach the right balance. UV disinfection is an alternative that allows you to keep water clean and safe without worrying about excessive levels of chlorine-based disinfectants. In municipal water treatment, UV disinfection is typically the final step in a multi-stage treatment process to remove any remaining protozoa, bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens that may have a negative impact on public health.

    Ultraviolet light has been proven to destroy the reproductive capabilities of pathogens by damaging their RNA and DNA, effectively rendering microbes inactive and harmless. UV disinfection uses a wavelength between 250 and 270 nm for optimal disinfection. By configuring the system to provide the correct dose time, intensity, and configuration, water management officials can disable harmful pathogens without having to worry about excessive amounts of chlorine in the water.

    These systems typically use mercury arc lamps or amalgam lamps alongside a reactor, ballasts, and a control system. Together, they safely purify water without harmful chemicals.

    Benefits of UV Disinfection

    Benefits of UV Disinfection for Municipal and Wastewater

    UV disinfection stands in stark contrast to other options like chlorine and chloramines. Citizens will often complain about the taste of both chlorine and chloramines in water. Additionally, some worry about the safety of chloramines for applications like home aquariums. UV disinfection offers a variety of benefits, including:

    • No toxicity. UV disinfection uses light to eliminate bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and other pathogens. This process adds nothing to the water and doesn’t impact the chemical composition, therefore leaving no by-products in the water that would otherwise have serious effects on public health.   
    • Eco-friendliness. Ultraviolet disinfection provides a significantly more sustainable option than chemical disinfection. There is no chemical discharge to worry about, allowing you to keep levels of chlorine well within allowable concentrations.
    • Affordability. UV disinfection systems are highly cost-effective and pay for themselves over time. Once the system is in place, it can run reliably with minimal maintenance for many years. 
    • Efficiency. This system works both rapidly and effectively. This means that even high-volume municipal water and wastewater systems can still operate cleanly and safely. 
    • Effectiveness. Since a number of protozoa are chlorine-resistant, UV is the far safer and more effective choice. 

    Reynolds Culligan UV Disinfection Solutions

    UV Disinfection Solutions From Reynolds Culligan

    The safety of the water and the environment within your community are of vital importance. Safeguarding your municipal water supply while keeping costs in line can require a delicate balance. UV disinfection provides a solution that can keep your water safer with minimal yearly maintenance for many years.

    Reynolds Culligan is the only industrial and commercial water treatment service in the Mid-Atlantic region that provides a comprehensive water treatment technology platform. We bring over 70 years of municipal water and wastewater experience to every client. 

    We want to help you provide the best disinfection solutions available in the community that you serve. Please contact us to discuss disinfection options, or allow us to provide a free estimate.

  6. Understanding Industrial Water Filtration

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    Water filtration is a critical aspect of many industrial operations. From process water to potable water, Reynolds Culligan’s industrial water filtration systems are engineered to enhance your operational quality and efficiency. To choose the right industrial water filtration system for your needs, it is important to understand what water filtration systems do, their benefits, and the applications for which they are used. 

    What is an Industrial Water Filtration System

    Industrial water filtration systems are used to remove foreign elements from raw water through a series of different filtration and disinfection processes. Each step of the process is critical for meeting industry standards and government regulations for water quality. Industrial water filtration systems typically incorporate the following processes:

    • Intake. Raw water is pumped into the filtration system using gravity or electrical pumps. The intake uses a grate to keep large objects from entering the system.
    • Clarification. The raw water is subject to a series of chemical treatments that encourage particles and other contaminants to coalesce into larger clumps. The coagulated matter can then be filtered out of the water using filters and screens.
    • Disinfection. Once the water has been clarified, it is treated with chemicals, exposed to UV radiation, and/or filtered through a fine membrane in order to eliminate microscopic contaminants, toxins, and pathogens. 
    • Ion Exchange. The disinfected water passes through a cation resin, which removes calcium and magnesium to soften the water
    • Distribution. Filtered water is recycled back into the system for process uses, released into the environment, or recycled into potable water systems, depending on system requirements and government regulations.

    Benefits of Industrial Water Filtration

    Industrial water filtration systems offer a number of benefits for commercial, industrial, and municipal operations. Some key benefits of using Reynolds Culligan industrial water filtration systems are:

    • Improved Efficiency. With a quality water filtration system, you can enhance your operation’s speed and efficiency while reducing the need to pump in raw water from outside the facility.
    • Greater Sustainability. Water filtration systems allow you to reuse process water, reducing your overall water usage.
    • Reduced Energy Consumption. Our cutting-edge water filtration technology is extremely energy efficient and can be programmed to operate during off-peak hours to further reduce your energy bill. 
    • Minimal Maintenance Costs. Reynolds Culligan water filtration systems are engineered to be low maintenance, with easy treatment and resin replenishment.
    • Enhanced Safety. A better water filtration system means smoother operations, fewer equipment breakdowns, and reduced risk for environmental contamination.
    • Greater Equipment Service Life. Reynolds Culligan industrial water filtration systems can be integrated seamlessly into your line for quality filtered water that will enhance equipment service life throughout your operation.

    Industrial Water Filtration System Types & Applications

    Industrial Water Filtration System

    Since water filtration is required for a wide variety of industrial operations, it is no surprise that there are a variety of methods and designs to choose from. The most common types of industrial water filtration systems are:

    • Boiler Feed. Designed to protect industrial boilers from scaling, buildup, microbial growth, and other problems caused by poor water quality.
    • Cooling Tower. Water filtration systems protect cooling towers from scaling, buildup, microbial growth, corrosion, and other water quality issues.
    • Raw. Raw industrial water filtration systems treat water pulled from rivers, streams, groundwater, aquifers, and other sources to reduce silicates, calcium, pathogens, and other contaminants present in the water.
    • Wastewater. Industrial treatment is used to remove solid and liquid waste and chemicals from water to meet requirements for reuse or discharge into the environment. 

    Applications/ Industries

    Industries and applications that use industrial water filtration include: 

    • Food and Beverage
    • Plastics
    • Medical
    • Biotech
    • Chemical Production
    • Automotive
    • Oil/Gas Production
    • Paper Manufacturing
    • Electronics

    Industrial Water Filtration Systems You Can Rely On

    Whether you are in need of medical-grade water filtration for pharmaceutical production or internal process water treatment for your industrial operation, Reynolds Culligan has the perfect system for you. Contact our seasoned experts to inquire about our industrial water filtration products, or request a free estimate today.